Work & Education

Oi’ disabled! No Job? That’s your own fault

According to the Papworth Trust, by the age of 26, disabled people are four times more likely to be out of work or not in education than non-disabled people. At the end of last year, the Conservative government announced a renewed pledge to get 1 million disabled people into work within the next 10 years. But, as usual, it is disabled people themselves that are being treated as the problem. Graham McKean explores…

Despite government claims that it has managed to get more than 600,000 disabled people into work since 2013, I believe that the government has conveniently ignored the true cause of unemployment amongst disabled people – the lack of positive attitudes toward disabled people working, and lack of support to enable them to work. The Papworth Trust also found that one in five employers are less likely to employ a disabled person.

So, if you’re disabled, it is obviously your fault that you cannot get into work because you don’t have the right skills to gain and retain employment, right? Not that you’re being prejudiced against or that there are physical barriers to working. What a load of baloney!

This just stinks of a government that is too lazy to actually get out there and give employers the kick up the rear end that they all need to change their backward attitudes or make the changes needed to incorporate disabled people in the workplace.

The fact is, if disabled people cannot rely on the government for support to change attitudes, then what hope have we really got? Equality just isn’t there to start with, despite the ‘Disability Discrimination Act’ (DDA), introduced just over 20 years ago, and later updated and replaced with the ‘Equality Act’ (EA), in 2009. During that time I have not seen any significant improvement with regards to disability and employment.

I know all of this because, as a wheelchair user, I have experienced first-hand what it is like to find work – and it ain’t easy, believe me. Here, I will look at some of the difficulties I have faced over the years, which paints a picture of the problems many disabled people face on an all too regular basis.

Going to university if you’re disabled

In around 2010, whilst still working full-time, I studied archaeology at Leicester University. This involved taking part in fieldwork on several archaeological sites across the UK, from the west coast of Scotland to Bournemouth. In each case, I was fully supported and given the opportunity to demonstrate that I could do all the activities required of me to be an archaeologist.

From my experience, universities are more than ready to help disabled people to succeed on their courses. However, it is usually in their financial interest to take on a disabled person, assuming they can accommodate them, as they can get additional funding. Employers on the other hand, don’t seem to see the value in a having a disabled person as part of their workforce…

Scrabble letters spelling out the word education

From disabled student to employment

When I completed my bachelor’s degree in archaeology with a 2:1 grade, despite my best efforts, I was unable to get a job in archaeology within the year or two that followed. I’d even done additional voluntary work in the field and gained the same experience as my non-disabled counterparts.

For the majority of employers, the reasons I was given was based on their preconceived notion that I couldn’t access sites, and that there were too many health and safety issues that surrounded it. Er, hello, which part of ‘I have a degree in archaeology that demonstrates I can do this’ do you not understand?

Don’t get me wrong, I can completely understand an employer’s concerns regarding safety etc. But all they have to do is work with me to come up with the right solutions, instead of assuming outright that it can’t be done.

Non-disclosure of your disability

In the end, I was applying for any work I could do based on my past work experience. But still, I was getting nowhere.

There came a point when I decided to stop disclosing upfront that I am disabled. I immediately noticed an uplift in the volume of interview requests I got. So, now that I had one wheel in the door, I was guaranteed a job at some point, right? Wrong.

Instead, I turned up for the interviews only to be faced with wildly inaccessible buildings. Often there were steps at the entrance and not even a basic temporary ramp, and quite often there was no disabled loo – both necessities. I even armed myself with the right Access to Work information to increase my chances.

My favourite excuse of all time for not having any access in place was; “it has never come up before now.” That’s alright then, I forgot disability was a new invention! Although I tried to remain upbeat, I felt defeated. Understandably, this negatively impacted my interview performance.

So, I tried another tact – telling the employer I was a wheelchair user after I was invited for an interview. Most of the time they would then tell me that their office was upstairs and there was no lift, or some similar story about lack of access. At least they were honest and upfront about it, but it meant that there was nothing I could do but try to find a workable solution, which rarely existed, or turn down the interview.

What I hated most though was going for a seemingly positive interview, talking about my access requirements, being told they would happily make all the necessary adjustments if I met their criteria, but, conveniently, never being the successful candidate.

Instead, I was fobbed off with the ‘lack of necessary experience’ answer, never really knowing whether that was truly the case. For me, this simply highlighted the fact that the only way for me to plan a career was to only look for employers that have a ramp and a disabled loo on their premises. That narrows the job market down considerably.

To be quite frank, it is disgraceful that, in this modern age, any wheelchair user should have to base their job search and career primarily on this criteria.

Infrastructure for disabled people is the key

Inaccessible building

Bearing in mind all of my experiences, it is not hard to see that the disabled individual is not generally at fault – the problem is clearly a lack of adequate provision within the workplace.

For me, this all highlights the need for the government, and those in charge of administering the DDA and EA, to actively change this. At the moment, it seems as though they’re doing nothing.

Without the proper means to enforce the DDA/EA legislation, they’re both worthless. And without those, disabled people can never truly be certain that they will be treated equally when it comes to recruitment. They just don’t stand a chance of gaining, rewarding and satisfying long-term careers.

Reluctance to employ the disabled

If you were to look at two applicants with similar skills and abilities, but one happens to be disabled and therefore unable to access the premises without changes, it’s obvious that the employer is going to go with the easiest option.

In this scenario, there is no way of knowing for sure whether the deciding factor was genuinely inexperience or due to disability-related factors. This has to change. The government must take serious steps to address this, instead of looking at disabled people and pointing the finger of blame at them.

If they do not start tackling this head-on with employers, it will only worsen. As a direct result, poverty among the disabled people will continue to rise as will their need to rely on support from the government in order to get by and to survive day to day. 

I will leave you with this thought… according to NHS England (2016), the UK has 1.2 million wheelchair users, and estimates show that for every 182 wheelchair users not able to work, the benefits bill is likely to increase by up to £1m. However, the positive economic contribution made by disabled people in work could be up to £4.7m. So, enabling disabled people to work is a no-brainer!

By Graham S McKean

More on Disability Horizons…

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  1. Very interesting. I’m not a wheelchair user, but I have enough mobility issues, and I’m convinced that this has caused me to be turned down for jobs, even though people are forever telling me that employers are required to make ‘reasonable adjustments’. I recently had to give up training for a job in healthcare. I could probably have overcome my physical struggles with the job given time and the chance to work around things a bit, it wouldn’t have taken much. The biggest issue was the requirement that I had to do a specific minimum number of hours’ training per year to qualify – I was too exhausted to manage it, so even though I would be able to do the job, I couldn’t actually qualify, because I was too tired. I was also the first person with a physical disability that this particular institution had had on this course. Don’t get me wrong, they were great, and very supportive, but it was clear when I went onto placement training in a hospital, that although they were trying hard to help, they were rather lost with me. There was a big issue over me asking if there was a disabled loo I could use. I was working in theatres. All of the (large number of) female staff were using two tiny cubicles in the (equally tiny, no chairs etc) changing room, that I couldn’t manage with. After a few days of managing without for a 10 hour shift, I quietly asked one of the women about a disabled loo….and no one knew the answer. There followed a rather uncomfortable afternoon being sent around to a few different (male) managers, and eventually to a completely different department, to find me a loo. I’m not usually too fussy about these things, but it was horrible. My lecturer back at Uni was very sympathetic, but even he said something along the lines of ‘they work in healthcare, they won’t understand’. It’s very frustrating to know that technically, there’s nothing to exclude you from a job, but reality is very different.

  2. it’s hard to find a job with cerebral palsy. not speaking perfectly, people not understanding me when i go to apply for a job where i live in the states

  3. Very interesting but sad article. I wonder about here in the USA. I recently read that we have an employment “crisis” going on. We have 6.7 million jobs open and available right now but only 6.4 million people to fill the jobs. My question is this . . . does the 6.4 million include or not disabled people that can work? I think I will try and get an answer.

  4. I live in England, I am waiting to be contacted by the English Government, but as they cannot get their finger out for Brexit, how are they supposed to meet the rest of their pledges?
    I only have to mention my wheelchair and people run a mile in the other direction, even excluded by my relatives, because like their hidden racism, it extends to the disabled being exterminated in their eyes!
    When my own family are fascists, what hope do we have with others whom have, hidden discrimination views and do their best to forget you?
    They use selective dialogue to keep their jobs and out of prison, by employing covert tactics.
    I have always been able to get funding for anything, I have wanted to achieve and my relatives are always seething when I do!

  5. I have a Quickie Argon 2, it was 5 thousand euros and built in Germany. I live in England and use it most for travelling. I had to get a custom rigid-framed chair, because of my weight and changing mobility. I am partially paralysed, then I am able to do a short distance on crutches or mobility scooter.
    I love my chair with its Synergy wheels and adjustability.
    I race down hills in it!
    I hate towns and cities with cambered pavements. I am an engineer with motorcycle/scooter/electronic background. I build my own gadgets and propulsion devices. I do not buy from disability/mobility shops, because they’re selling 50 year old technology for telephone number prices and tell lies to make their sales.
    I have tried getting parts in England for my chair, but have had to buy them in from the U.S.A. even with postage, they are still cheaper.
    Don’t buy carbon fibre, because it shatters on impact in some situations, especially like the accident I had in Berlin. I was pushed off a food kiosk platform by an irate, impatient German in Alexanderplatz.
    Both handles snapped, which I removed and retro-fitted handles from my crutches.
    I carry my luggage of a CPAP machine and Kriega R25 rucksack on the back of the chair, when I travel.
    I don’t think any of the retail extras are worth adding extra weight to your chair, they’re not optimised for weight saving and are a pain in the butt, when they stop working or break.
    Everything should have its specifications designed to cater for differing user weights and not a general range.
    My chair/crutches/mobility scooter are tuned to my needs. They will not fit anyone else and the learning curve is very steep.
    I will not fly again until, we can travel in our chairs on the aircraft with wheelchair accessible toilets.
    The disabled should have sympathetic border control assistants in their own area.
    I got strip searched at Pearson Airport Toronto and then got told to dress myself, as I was travelling alone, I insisted they dressed me exactly as I was before the search, they protested, so I kicked off with them about discrimination!
    I used to fly from Manchester, England, but never again. They smashed my CPAP mask, because I had documentation allowing me to carry more than 100ml in liquids, they started throwing my stuff around!!!
    One thing I would recommend is, gaffer tape everything together on your chair so, it cannot get lost when they are throwing your chair around in baggage handling and Gate Check your chair so, you can be in it to the aircraft door.
    I am riding or driving to Berlin next time. If you make the journey part of your holiday, you will meet some amazing people and retain a lower stress level.
    I will be building my wheelchair next time, because the Argon 2 is a pig to carry on my motorcycles/scooters and I get some appreciating looks out on the road.
    I am working on a two-wheeled, self-balancing wheelchair, with a solar/lithium charging power unit. All my own design.

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